I use a bird lava rock, because it attaches to the cage. They love it and chew it up. You should get one of those. DO NOT USE A PUPPY PAD! Rats can chew through it, and if they do, they could eat the stuff inside. They will try and shred anything that crinkles beneath them. I use CleanComfort, because it is not dusty but still soft and warm. Warmth is important as it is winter and they are in my basement.